In 2019, we celebrated our 20th year of operation in New Zealand and this milestone event got me thinking about the future. Here at Hays I’m proud of our achievements over the past 20 years, but I’m also conscious of the need to stay at the leading edge of the recruitment market. This compels me to consider what the world of work might look like in another 20 years.
Without doubt there will be huge jumps forward, especially when we think of technology and how it will change our world beyond recognition. While such trends are hard to predict, there will also be changes that we can, with the backing of deep specialist recruitment knowledge, forecast with more certainty.
From ethical job automation to collaborative workplaces, an aging workforce to wellbeing, following are eight trends that we believe will impact New Zealand’s world of work in the next 20 years.
The first of these is ethical job automation. For several years we’ve been hearing about the threat of robots taking our jobs. Initial headline-grabbing reports warned that we would be replaced by algorithms, but more recent studies show that such findings may be exaggerated. For example, according to McKinsey, less than 5% of occupations will become fully automated but about 60% could see one third of their job tasks automated.
In the next 20 years, ethical considerations surrounding job automation will be addressed. New Zealand employers will still automate routine and repetitive tasks, but they’ll simultaneously upskill employees to perform the more highly-skilled tasks they are freed to carry out. Meanwhile, workers displaced by automation will see their job redesigned and will in turn be reskilled into a non-routine, varied, valuable and creative role. Employees will also be supported by AI to complete their everyday job tasks. Together, these trends will ultimately help professionals reach their full potential.
Organisational cultures will become more people-centred over the next 20 years, with a focus on retaining people, not jobs. Driven by external factors including the skills shortage and the resulting increased competitive pressure for talent, as well as increasing consumer scrutiny favouring ethical business models, it will soon be just as important for an organisation to be seen to be “doing good” as it is to be “doing well”.
Employees can expect to benefit through increased flexibility, long-term career development and upskilling opportunities to engage and retain the best talent in a world where an organisation’s people are the single greatest source of competitive advantage.
In May 2019 the first Wellbeing Budget was unveiled, which prioritises mental health and broader living goals. “Today’s budget shows you can be both economically responsible and kind,” said Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern after the budget was released.
Looking ahead, the idea that financial prosperity alone is not a sufficient measure of quality of life will ripple through workplaces. Flexible working, unlimited annual leave and practices and workplace wellbeing programs that allow employees to take better care of themselves will become standard. New Zealand is poised to be a progressive world leader in this area, which may go some way to easing our domestic skill shortage, particularly as people shorten their OE in favour of coming home earlier to work for an organisation that values wellbeing. The benefit for organisations will be seen in improved staff retention and engagement, thereby enhancing productivity, innovation and ultimately profit. Thus, echoing the 2019 budget, wellbeing can be considered an investment.
Although today in its infancy, over the next 20 years AI technology will develop to the extent that it is able to remove unconscious bias from the recruitment process to improve workplace diversity. Organisations have started to experiment in this area, but it remains a work-in-progress since the programmer’s underlying biases can inhibit the technology’s impartiality.
Looking ahead, more sophisticated AI solutions will be used extensively to screen job applications to create interview shortlists, in succession planning, in performance appraisals and even when selecting roles for redundancy. Such decisions are currently subjective, prone to the bias of managers. With the data that AI provides, impartial decisions will be made, leading to more diverse and inclusive workplaces. AI-based salary tools will also be used, which will help minimise the gender pay gap.
Over the last 20 years, New Zealand’s workforce has been aging. In 1999, the year Hays opened its first office in New Zealand, just 1.5% of the labour force was aged 65 or above, according to Stats NZ.
In 2039, 20 years from now, it’s projected that 9.8% of the labour force will be aged 65 or above. With a strong work ethic, institutional knowledge and life experience, the stigma surrounding ‘grey workers’ will disappear as their participation in the workforce increases and employers and colleagues alike come to understand the benefits of experience. In turn, employers will proactively look to attract, engage and retain mature-age workers in a way that is seldom done today.
Over the last 20 years, the gender pay gap has been trending down, however it still very much exists. New Zealand’s gender pay gap results from the value placed on the jobs women typically perform and the higher percentage of female primary carers. In recent years, New Zealand has committed to closing the gender pay gap within all public service agencies by 2020 and there is greater pressure on the private sector to report on and improve pay equity.
Looking ahead, greater pay transparency, parental leave equality and the adoption of AI tools in salary decisions to eliminate negotiations and any management or systems bias will help to reduce the pay gap further. With wellbeing a New Zealand priority, the country is in one of the best positions in the world to close the gender pay gap.
Over the last 20 years, the unique Kiwi ‘can do’ positive attitude has helped both organisations and careers thrive as we worked towards solutions and got things done.
Looking ahead, as work becomes more complex and traditional hierarchical structures give way to more cross functional operating models, this ‘can do’ attitude will become even more important. It will allow people to work cross-functionally to collaborate to enrich innovation, creativity, productivity and efficiency. Given the rapidly escalating pace of change in today’s business environment, this will give Kiwis a competitive advantage in a global marketplace.
Over the last 20 years, New Zealand’s labour supply has consistently failed to meet demand. It’s no surprise that some skills are now in chronically short supply.
Looking ahead, while it’s hard to see a silver bullet solution to skill shortages, skilled migration will remain a factor as global mobility becomes the norm. So too will a new model of recruitment, which utilises AI and data science to identify the best candidates for each role, regardless of whether they are currently job searching, and pinpoint what will successfully attract and retain each individual candidate.
When I look back over the last 20 years, there’s no denying that the recruitment market and world of work have experienced significant change. But there’s one thing that’s remained the same since we first opened our doors in 1999, and that’s the impact we’ve made on our candidates’ lives and our clients’ organisations. We’re proud to say we help people succeed and organisations thrive and in doing so we create opportunities and improve lives. That’s something that will never change for us.
Adam Shapley, Managing Director, Hays New Zealand and Hays IT Australia & New Zealand, began working at Hays in 2001 and during this time has held significant leadership roles across the business including responsibility for multiple specialisms in various locations across Australia & New Zealand.
In 2018, he was appointed to Hays ANZ Management Board and made Managing Director for Hays New Zealand.
Adam is also responsible for the strategic direction of the Hays Information Technology business across Australia & New Zealand including driving growth across Digital Technology, Projects & Business Change and IT Operations & Support.
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